Jakub Kraus, BSc. MSc. PhD.

Wächtergasse 1
1010 Wien
Room: 506

Research Areas

In my research I focus on (neuro)physiological aspects of the intrinsic value of effort. Contrary to the common assumption that effort is always aversive and people tend to avoid it whenever possible, previous research in our lab shows that sometimes effort can have an intrinsic value on its own. In my research I am specifically studying the potential motivational properties of such intrinsic value of effort and utilize methods such as facial electromyography (fEMG) and cardiovascular measures to test whether effort itself can be rewarding. Such understanding can greatly inform the current theories of effort-motivation and have potentially strong implications for interventions aiming at improving people’s effort-related experience and motivation. 

Key Topics

  • Neurophysiology of motivation
  • Intrinsic value of effort
  • Reward processes

Key Publications

Kraus, J., Frick, A., Roman, R., Jurkovičová, L., Mareček, R., Mikl, M., Brázdil, M., Fredrikson, M. (2019). Soothing the emotional brain: modulation of neural activity to personal emotional stimulation by social touch. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 14, 1179–1185. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsz090 


Kraus, J., Frick, A., Fischer, H., Howner, K., Fredrikson, M. & Furmark, T. (2018). Amygdala reactivity and connectivity during social and non-social aversive stimulation in social anxiety disorder. Psychiatry Research-Neuroimaging, 280, 56-61. doi: 10.1016/j.pscychresns.2018.08.012